Enamel Hypoplasia

The term ‘finish hypoplasia’ alludes to a dental issue in which at least one teeth experience the ill effects of poor development of polish. Finish is the white bit of the tooth that hides the crown of the tooth. In this condition, as a rule the finish is not totally missing. The amount of polish present is lacking to cover the crown of the teeth. Presently, how to recognize this unusual development of polish? Typically the influenced tooth seems yellow in shading. Actually, less nearness of veneer is one of the essential drivers of yellow teeth. Additionally, the surface of the tooth is no longer smooth as there is development of pits because of disintegration of polish. No big surprise, set teeth joined by staining is regularly connected with veneer hypoplasia.

Causes

Injury
A blunt injury to the tooth in early childhood can negatively affect dental health and cause enamel defect.

Poor Nutrition
At the time of tooth development, if the infant is deprived of essential nutrients like vitamin A, C, and D, it can lead to poor formation of enamel. An important constituent of a tooth’s enamel is keratin. For proper keratin development, there should be sufficient supply of vitamin A. However, with inadequate vitamin A, keratin formation takes a backseat, leading to poor development of enamel.

Medications
Antibiotic usage can also interfere with enamel formation. Condition of enamel hypoplasia in children can be seen sometimes because of antibiotics prescribed. In this case, the child can suffer from abnormally low amount of enamel.

Fever
Very high fever due to infections during childhood can also trigger tooth enamel loss. As a result, by the time these affected children attain adulthood, tooth discoloration is distinctly visible.

Unhygienic Habits
In an attempt to enjoy the taste of candies for hours, children keep these sweets in their mouth for a considerable amount of time. When sugar in candies come in contact with the teeth, it leads to formation of acid, that is known to damage enamel. Excessive drinking of soft drinks like coke or fizzy drink can also produce the same undesired effect. Even habits like chewing tobacco can destroy a properly developed enamel.

Birth Defects
The process involving formation of tooth enamel is referred to as amelogenesis. However, certain genetic defects can have a negative impact on amelogenesis. As a result, it can stop normal growth of tooth enamel, eventually leading to poor development of enamel. Infections at the time of pregnancy or poor diet during pregnancy can give rise to birth defects causing faulty formation of enamel.

Treatment

When only a small amount of enamel has been eroded, areas of the teeth that show pitting or discoloration are covered with a material whose color resembles to that of normal white tooth. Brushing with fluoride toothpaste twice daily can also help to restore the lost enamel. However, in case substantial enamel loss has occurred, the affected tooth may be fitted with stainless steel dental crowns. In some cases, the affected tooth is completely removed and an artificial tooth (dental implant) is then installed in that position.

As sugar can damage enamel, staying away from soft drinks, citrus foods (lemon and oranges) and high sugar foods like candies, chocolates, pastries, and cakes is necessary and considered to be an integral part of dental care and helps to prevent recurrence of enamel hypoplasia. Take care!