Ankylosis of Teeth

The oral hole is genuinely a wonder of nature. On one hand, you have teeth, which are the hardest structures in the body and afterward you have the delicate yet solid tongue muscle. The teeth that are available in the oral pit are set in the jawbone. The teeth are not specifically appended to the jawbone, but rather are held set up in their attachment with the assistance of gingival and periodontal strands. Be that as it may, some of the time, these gingival and periodontal filaments are missing and rather, the tooth is specifically intertwined deep down. This is known as ankylosis of teeth. There are no known reasons for this condition, albeit a few people say that injury deep down amid advancement of teeth might be a cause.

Ankylosed Tooth Symptoms
The symptoms of dental ankylosis are not always visible. At first, if there is ankylosis of a primary or milk tooth, then there will be stunted growth or incomplete eruption of the tooth. Also, if the milk tooth is ankylosed, then it will not shed easily, or at all for that matter and so, may prevent the eruption of permanent teeth. If a permanent tooth is ankylosed, then it may not necessarily show any symptoms and the tooth may be diagnosed accidentally when an x-ray is taken. The x-ray will show no space between the tooth and the bone, and in fact, there will be no demarcation between the tooth’s root and the jawbone.

What are the Problems Associated with Dental Ankylosis?
One of the main problems associated with this condition is that the tooth may not fully erupt, if it is a milk tooth, it may disturb the entire occlusion of the person. It will also prevent the permanent tooth present underneath it from erupting. Furthermore, if there is ankylosis of teeth, then, as these teeth are directly attached to the bone and do not have any periodontal fibers, then extracting this tooth will be difficult because, during the tooth extraction, the bone plate may also give way. So, in such cases, there may be need for a small surgical procedure to be performed, wherein, the bony plate may need to be detached from the tooth so as to remove it without disturbing or damaging the bony plate. Also, one of the biggest problems that people that having ankylosis of teeth have to face is that they cannot opt for orthodontic treatment, as tooth movement in such cases is not possible.

Treatment for Ankylosed Teeth
If the ankylosed tooth is a fully erupted permanent tooth, then there is no need for any treatment, as it is not harming or causing any impairment in the dental health of the person. However, if the ankylosed tooth is a deciduous tooth which is not erupting properly, then surgical intervention will be required to allow the tooth to erupt in the oral cavity. Similarly, if there is a permanent tooth that has ankylosed and so is causing problems in the oral cavity, like misalignment of teeth, then first the ankylosed teeth/tooth will have to be removed and only then, can orthodontic treatment be initiated.

This isn’t really a major problem and in fact, is more often than not, an asymptomatic treatment. However, if a tooth is causing problems in the oral cavity, or is impeding the normal eruption pattern and alignment of teeth, then it should be investigated, diagnosed, and treated at the earliest, so as to prevent any further complications.