Monthly Archives: September 2016

Tips to Brush Your Teeth

unduhan-9Dominant part of dental issues can be maintained a strategic distance from in the event that we take after a dental care regimen religiously. It is not just to a great degree crucial to brush one’s teeth twice day by day, additionally to take after the right procedure for brushing teeth. Teeth ought to be brushed in a manner that you can expel the most extreme measure of plaque and sustenance trash stuck between the teeth. Dental issues, for example, dental caries, draining gums, tartar development, and so forth., can be averted by taking after the right procedure. Sadly, dental care is not given much significance on an everyday premise because of our quick paced life.

The Right Method

  • Firstly, the most important thing is to choose the right toothbrush. Choose a toothbrush with soft bristles, and the right number of tufts.
  • Once you have chosen the toothbrush, place a small amount of toothpaste on it. Always remember that it is much better to use a toothpaste than a tooth powder. A toothpaste is much less abrasive, when compared to a tooth powder. Avoid brushing teeth with baking soda, as that would irreversibly abrade the surface of the teeth.
  • Hold the toothbrush at a forty-five degree angle to the teeth, such that the bristles rest on both the gums and the teeth.
  • Place the toothbrush on the outer surface of the posterior teeth. Thereafter, make slight backward and forward movements in a gentle manner. Repeat the same for the outer surface of the upper posterior teeth.
  • Similarly, hold the toothbrush at a forty-five degree angle to your lower teeth and brush the outer surfaces of the posterior teeth once again.
  • Once the buccal surface of posterior teeth are done, then proceed to clean the front teeth.
  • This is a very important step, as the possibility of cavity formation in the interdental areas of the front teeth are quite high. Avoid vigorous brushing of the teeth to prevent abrasion. The correct method is to brush the upper teeth from top to bottom, and the lower teeth from bottom to top. The main logic behind this is quite simple. Brushing your upper teeth from top to bottom, and the lower teeth from bottom to top will ensure that the debris and plaque is pushed away from the gum line. Both of these motions would prevent the plaque from entering your gums, thereby preventing bleeding gums, or the possibility of other gum diseases.
  • The next step would be to clean the occlusal surface of the teeth, that is, the biting surface of the premolars and molars.
  • Massaging your gums also helps improve circulation in the gums, which in turn makes them healthier. Brush your teeth for at least 2 to 5 minutes.
  • You could clean your tongue with the bristles of your toothbrush, or use a tongue cleaner instead. The last step would be to use a dental floss threader, or a mouthwash depending on what your dentist recommends.

Following the aforementioned procedure on a day-to-day basis will certainly prove beneficial. If you have orthodontic braces, then you need to take extra care while brushing. Although the technique essentially remains the same, there are special toothbrushes that are designed for braces. Each one of us should be aware of the importance of maintaining our dental health.

Deep Cleaning of Teeth

unduhan-10To keep away from gum maladies from advancing, your dental specialist may encourage you to experience profound cleaning. This strategy helps in the evacuation of unsafe, dangerous microscopic organisms that have the ability to bring about tooth misfortune. The accompanying article gives data about the reasons why this method is vital, and how it is performed.

Many of us, despite maintaining good oral hygiene, end up with plaque, tartar, and calculus around the teeth. There are many crevices, inter-dental spaces, and other such areas in the mouth where it is not possible to brush and clean with the help of the bristles of a toothbrush. This is one of the main reasons why it is important to visit the dentist every six months. If we do not maintain proper dental hygiene and delay the visit to the dentist, then we may land up with gum and periodontal diseases. To treat such conditions, the first step that the periodontist will take is advise you to go for deep cleaning of teeth. This procedure is performed by a periodontist or a dental hygienist. Given below are the details regarding the importance and procedure of this cleaning procedure.

Why is Deep Teeth Cleaning Necessary?
As mentioned above, the main reason why people need to get their teeth cleaned by a professional is because there is often deep seated plaque and calculus that is not removed while brushing. It is this deep seated calculus that leads to initial symptoms like bleeding gums when brushing and swollen gums around tooth. If the teeth and gums are not cleaned at this stage, then it may lead to a full blown periodontal disease, and problems like receding gums. Not everyone requires this cleaning procedure and it is performed on people who have poor dental health or who have a tendency of developing periodontal diseases.

How is Deep Teeth Cleaning Done?
Deep cleaning of the surface of teeth consists of two parts – scaling and root planing. Scaling is what is done on the visible surface of the tooth structure, that is, on the crown surface. Root planing is done in cases where the gums have receded and the root surface is exposed in the oral cavity. Exposed root surfaces make teeth sensitive to heat and cold, and therefore it is of utmost importance to ensure that proper root planing is done. This is because if there is accumulation of plaque or tartar in the space between the lining of the gums and the tooth/root surface, it leads to loss of attachment. This may lead to further recession or loosening of the gum lining and attachment and formation of what is known as a periodontal pocket. If a pregnant woman is affected by periodontal pockets, then it is best to avoid deep cleaning of teeth during pregnancy, unless it is the second trimester. Also if the woman is experiencing immense pain and discomfort due to the plaque and calculus, then she may undergo this procedure.

Initially, the dentist may or may not administer local anesthesia, depending on the depth of the pocket, state of oral hygiene, need and condition of patient, pain threshold of patient, etc. If the calculus and accumulated tartar is very deep seated, then there is need for local anesthesia. However, once the anesthesia is injected, the area becomes numb and cleaning may begin. This procedure can be done manually, that is with the help of scalers, or it can be done with the help of an ultrasonic machine. This will again depend on the patient and his need. In the end, the entire area is cleared of any plaque and calculus that may be present around the tooth or in the gums. After a while, the person may have slight sensitivity in his teeth for a while but this goes away with time.

The cost of this cleaning procedure ranges from anywhere between USD 400 to USD 1500. Deep cleaning of roots and teeth is an important procedure that can prevent the need for tooth extraction in the case of a person who is not bothered about maintaining his oral health or taking measures towards dental care. So, to prevent your chances of landing in this situation, it is best to visit the dentist regularly and keep your teeth in perfect condition.

Ankylosis of Teeth

The oral hole is genuinely a wonder of nature. On one hand, you have teeth, which are the hardest structures in the body and afterward you have the delicate yet solid tongue muscle. The teeth that are available in the oral pit are set in the jawbone. The teeth are not specifically appended to the jawbone, but rather are held set up in their attachment with the assistance of gingival and periodontal strands. Be that as it may, some of the time, these gingival and periodontal filaments are missing and rather, the tooth is specifically intertwined deep down. This is known as ankylosis of teeth. There are no known reasons for this condition, albeit a few people say that injury deep down amid advancement of teeth might be a cause.

Ankylosed Tooth Symptoms
The symptoms of dental ankylosis are not always visible. At first, if there is ankylosis of a primary or milk tooth, then there will be stunted growth or incomplete eruption of the tooth. Also, if the milk tooth is ankylosed, then it will not shed easily, or at all for that matter and so, may prevent the eruption of permanent teeth. If a permanent tooth is ankylosed, then it may not necessarily show any symptoms and the tooth may be diagnosed accidentally when an x-ray is taken. The x-ray will show no space between the tooth and the bone, and in fact, there will be no demarcation between the tooth’s root and the jawbone.

What are the Problems Associated with Dental Ankylosis?
One of the main problems associated with this condition is that the tooth may not fully erupt, if it is a milk tooth, it may disturb the entire occlusion of the person. It will also prevent the permanent tooth present underneath it from erupting. Furthermore, if there is ankylosis of teeth, then, as these teeth are directly attached to the bone and do not have any periodontal fibers, then extracting this tooth will be difficult because, during the tooth extraction, the bone plate may also give way. So, in such cases, there may be need for a small surgical procedure to be performed, wherein, the bony plate may need to be detached from the tooth so as to remove it without disturbing or damaging the bony plate. Also, one of the biggest problems that people that having ankylosis of teeth have to face is that they cannot opt for orthodontic treatment, as tooth movement in such cases is not possible.

Treatment for Ankylosed Teeth
If the ankylosed tooth is a fully erupted permanent tooth, then there is no need for any treatment, as it is not harming or causing any impairment in the dental health of the person. However, if the ankylosed tooth is a deciduous tooth which is not erupting properly, then surgical intervention will be required to allow the tooth to erupt in the oral cavity. Similarly, if there is a permanent tooth that has ankylosed and so is causing problems in the oral cavity, like misalignment of teeth, then first the ankylosed teeth/tooth will have to be removed and only then, can orthodontic treatment be initiated.

This isn’t really a major problem and in fact, is more often than not, an asymptomatic treatment. However, if a tooth is causing problems in the oral cavity, or is impeding the normal eruption pattern and alignment of teeth, then it should be investigated, diagnosed, and treated at the earliest, so as to prevent any further complications.

Enamel Hypoplasia

The term ‘finish hypoplasia’ alludes to a dental issue in which at least one teeth experience the ill effects of poor development of polish. Finish is the white bit of the tooth that hides the crown of the tooth. In this condition, as a rule the finish is not totally missing. The amount of polish present is lacking to cover the crown of the teeth. Presently, how to recognize this unusual development of polish? Typically the influenced tooth seems yellow in shading. Actually, less nearness of veneer is one of the essential drivers of yellow teeth. Additionally, the surface of the tooth is no longer smooth as there is development of pits because of disintegration of polish. No big surprise, set teeth joined by staining is regularly connected with veneer hypoplasia.

Causes

Injury
A blunt injury to the tooth in early childhood can negatively affect dental health and cause enamel defect.

Poor Nutrition
At the time of tooth development, if the infant is deprived of essential nutrients like vitamin A, C, and D, it can lead to poor formation of enamel. An important constituent of a tooth’s enamel is keratin. For proper keratin development, there should be sufficient supply of vitamin A. However, with inadequate vitamin A, keratin formation takes a backseat, leading to poor development of enamel.

Medications
Antibiotic usage can also interfere with enamel formation. Condition of enamel hypoplasia in children can be seen sometimes because of antibiotics prescribed. In this case, the child can suffer from abnormally low amount of enamel.

Fever
Very high fever due to infections during childhood can also trigger tooth enamel loss. As a result, by the time these affected children attain adulthood, tooth discoloration is distinctly visible.

Unhygienic Habits
In an attempt to enjoy the taste of candies for hours, children keep these sweets in their mouth for a considerable amount of time. When sugar in candies come in contact with the teeth, it leads to formation of acid, that is known to damage enamel. Excessive drinking of soft drinks like coke or fizzy drink can also produce the same undesired effect. Even habits like chewing tobacco can destroy a properly developed enamel.

Birth Defects
The process involving formation of tooth enamel is referred to as amelogenesis. However, certain genetic defects can have a negative impact on amelogenesis. As a result, it can stop normal growth of tooth enamel, eventually leading to poor development of enamel. Infections at the time of pregnancy or poor diet during pregnancy can give rise to birth defects causing faulty formation of enamel.

Treatment

When only a small amount of enamel has been eroded, areas of the teeth that show pitting or discoloration are covered with a material whose color resembles to that of normal white tooth. Brushing with fluoride toothpaste twice daily can also help to restore the lost enamel. However, in case substantial enamel loss has occurred, the affected tooth may be fitted with stainless steel dental crowns. In some cases, the affected tooth is completely removed and an artificial tooth (dental implant) is then installed in that position.

As sugar can damage enamel, staying away from soft drinks, citrus foods (lemon and oranges) and high sugar foods like candies, chocolates, pastries, and cakes is necessary and considered to be an integral part of dental care and helps to prevent recurrence of enamel hypoplasia. Take care!